The Sumatran rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis) is a member of the family Rhinocerotidae and one of five living rhinoceros species. It is the only living species of the genus Dicerorhinus. It is the smallest rhinoceros, although it is still a large mammal. This rhino stands 1–1.5 m (3.5–4.5 ft) high at the shoulder, with a head-and-body length of 2.5–3.25m (7.5–10.5 ft) and a tail of 35–70 cm (14–28 in). The weight is reported to range from 500 to 1,000 kg (1,100 to 2,200 lb), averaging 700–800 kg (1,500–1,800 lb), although there is a single record of a 2,000 kg (4,400 lb) specimen. Like the African species of rhino, it has two horns; the larger is the nasal horn, typically 15–25 centimeters (6–10 in), while the other horn is typically a stub. A coat of reddish-brown hair covers most of the Sumatran rhino’s body.
Sumatran rhinoceroses were once quite numerous throughout Southeast Asia. It is now estimated that fewer than 275 individuals remain.The species is classed as critically endangered, primarily due to illegal poaching. Until the early 1990s, the population decline was estimated at more than 50% per decade, and the small, scattered populations now face high risks of inbreeding. Most remaining habitat is in relatively inaccessible mountainous areas of Indonesia.
Conservation Status: Critically Endangered
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